Cars with automatic brake devices on rise
An increasing number of cars are equipped with a device that automatically applies the brakes when the car is about to crash. By 2020, or three years from now, almost all domestically produced new cars are expected to be equipped with such devices.
Mazda Motor Corp. plans to install the devices in almost all of its models by the end of fiscal 2017. Daihatsu Motor Co. and Suzuki Motor Corp. have already equipped even less expensive mini-vehicles with similar devices.
In the background to this, many traffic accidents are caused by elderly drivers who have become slow to respond in an emergency.
Besides the automatic braking devices, there are cars equipped with other safety features such as automatically steering the car to prevent it from unintentionally leaving the lane, and preventing it from starting abruptly. however, experts call for drivers not to let their attention wander while driving because it is impossible to totally eliminate traffic accidents.
ブレーキをかける apply the brakes
反応がにぶくなる become slow to respond
急発進する start abruptly
〜Yomiuri KODOMO Shinbun〜
Deaths from India air pollution rivaling China
India's air now rivals China's as the world's deadliest, according to a new study amid warnings that efforts to curb pollution from coal will not yield results anytime soon.
India's notoriously poor air quality causes nearly 1.1million premature deaths every year, almost on a par with China, concluded a joint report by two U.S. - based health research institutes.
But whereas deaths linked to air pollution in China have steadied in recent years, the rate has soared in India where smog readings in major cities routinely eclipse safe exposure levels.
India has recorded a nearly 50 percent increase in early deaths linked to fine airborne particles known as PM2.5 between 1990 and 2015, the report found.
These microscopic particles are so light they float on air and lodge deep in the lungs, and have been linked to higher rates of lung cancer, chronic bronchitis and heart disease.
"India now approaches China in the number of deaths attributable to PM2.5," said the report by the Health Effects Institute and the Institute for health Metrics and Evaluation.
Together, the two Asian giants accounted for more than half of all global deaths related to PM2.5 exposure, the report said.
Efforts to reduce smog in China -- which jostles with India for the unenviable title of world's most polluted country -- have seen early deaths from PM2.5 stabilize at around 1.1 million since 2005.